Socialist Republic of Vietnam



Official language (s)



331.210 km2



Ethnic groups


Major cities
(with population)

Ho Chi Minh City - 7.396.446
Hanoi - 6.472.200
Hai Phong - 1.907.705
Can Tho - 1.187.089
Da Nang - 887.069
Bien Hoa - 784.398
Nha Trang - 392.279
Buon Ma Thuot - 340.000

Currency (-ies)

Dong (VND), subdivided into 100 10 hao, which further subdivided into 10 xu

Main religion (s)

81,69% - non-religious
9,6% - Buddhism
7,48% - Christians
1,23% - others including indigenous beliefs)

Time zone (s)

GTM + 07

Dialing code



Vietnam's climate can be divided into three different zones - North Vietnam, Central Vietnam and South Vietnam. The climate in North Vietnam is a humid and subtropical climate, while South Vietnam enjoys a tropical climate all year round, with the central region lying somewhere in-between. As Vietnam is a long, narrow country, climatic conditions vary considerably with temperatures ranging from a low of 5°C (41°F) in December and January, the coolest months, to more than 37°C (98.6°F) in April, the hottest month. Due to higher altitudes, it's generally coolest in the mountains - sometimes even freezing in the winter. Seasonal divisions are more clearly marked in the northern half than in the southern half of the country, where, except in some of the highlands, seasonal temperatures vary only a few degrees, usually in the 21–28°C (69.8–82.4°F) range.

Administrative division

Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces. There are also five municipalities, which are administratively on the same level as provinces.
The provinces are subdivided into provincial municipalities, townships and counties, which are in turn subdivided into towns or communes. The centrally controlled municipalities are subdivided into districts and counties, which are further subdivided into wards.

Major airports

Ho Chi Minh City: Tan Son Nhat International Airport (SGN)
Hanoi: Noi Bai International Airport (HAN)
Can Tho: Can Tho International Airport (VCA)
Da Lat: Lien Khuong Airport (DLI)
Da Nang: Da Nang International Airport (DAD)
Hai Phong: Cat Bi International Airport (HPH)
Hue: Phu Bai International Airport (HUI)
Nha Trang: Cam Ranh International Airport (CXR)

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