Russian Federation



Official language (s)

27others languages are co-official in various regions.


17.075.400 km2



Ethnic groups

81% - Russians
3,7% - Tatars
1,4% - Ukrainians
1,1% - Bashkirs
1% - Chuvashes
11,8% - others and unspecified  

Major cities
(with population)

Moscow - 11.800.992
Saint Petersburg - 6.100.520
Novosibirsk - 1.397.191
Yekaterinburg - 1.332.264
Nizhny Novgorod - 1.272.527
Samara - 1.164.900
Kazan - 1.143.600
Omsk - 1.129.120
Chelyabinsk - 1.103.699
Rostov-on-Don - 1.098.991

Currency (-ies)

Ruble (RUB), subdivided into 100 kopeks 

Main religion (s)

70,2% - Orthodox
11,7 - Muslim
165 - irreligious

Time zone (s)

GTM + 03 to GTM + 12 (exc. GTM + 05) 

Dialing code



The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extreme southeast.
Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia has a subarctic climate, with extremely severe winters in the inner regions of Northeast Siberia, and more moderate elsewhere. The strip of land along the shore of the Arctic Ocean, as well as the Russian Arctic islands, have a polar climate.
The coastal part of Krasnodar Krai on the Black Sea possesses a humid subtropical climate with mild and wet winters.
The region along the Lower Volga and Caspian Sea coast, as well as some areas of southernmost Siberia, possesses a semi-arid climate.
Throughout much of the territory there are only two distinct seasons - winter and summer; spring and autumn are usually brief periods of change between extremely low temperatures and extremely high.The coldest month is January (February on the coastline), the warmest usually is July. Average temperature ranges in Moscow are from −16 to −9°C (3 to 16°F) in January to 13 to 23°C (5 to 73°F) in July.

Administrative division

The Russian Federation comprises 83 federal subjects, but they differ in the degree of autonomy they enjoy: 46 provinces (oblasts), 21 nominally autonomous republics, 9 territories (krais) which are essentially the same as oblasts, 4 autonomous districts (autonomous okrugs), 1 autonomous province (the Jewish Autonomous Oblast) and 2 federal cities (Moscow and St. Petersburg) that function as separate regions. 

Major airports

Moscow: Domodedovo International Airport (DME), Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO), Vnukovo International Airport (VKO)
Saint Petersburg: Pulkovo Airport (LED)
Yekaterinburg: Koltsovo Airport (SVX)
Novosibirsk: Tolmachevo Airport (OVB)
Krasnodar: Pashkovsky Airport (KRR)
Sochi: Sochi International Airport (AER)
Samara: Kurumoch International Airport (KUF)
Ufa: Ufa International Airport (UFA)

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